The United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM) oversees all components of American special operations forces. Established in 1987, SOCOM was formed to unify and enhance the coordination of special operations training and missions, a need arising from the failed Operation Eagle Claw in Iran. The command centralizes various units like the SEALs, Army Special Forces, and Air Force Combat Controllers, each with their unique skills and specializations, enabling them to operate effectively in diverse mission scenarios.
- USSOCOM was formed in 1987 to improve the efficiency and coordination of special operations forces, following the lessons learned from Operation Eagle Claw’s failure in 1980.
- SOCOM’s primary purpose is to unify the command of special operations forces, enabling coordination of missions and leveraging the unique capabilities of different units.
- The units under SOCOM include the Army Special Operations Command, Naval Special Warfare Command, Air Force Special Operations Command, Marine Special Operations Command, and the Joint Special Operations Command.
- Operation POLAR DAGGER saw the deployment of Naval Special Warfare Operators (SEALs) to Shemya Island, Alaska, in 2023, emphasizing the diverse operational capabilities of special forces.
- SOCOM’s mission revolves around the global deployment of the world’s top special operations forces to achieve U.S. policies and objectives in coordination with allies, partners, and other U.S. government agencies.