The Federal Protective Service (FSO) plays a central role in Russia’s national security, safeguarding the Kremlin, President, and other key officials. It is distinguishable through its unique mottos, anthems, emblems, and patches. The FSO’s history and current structure include various subordinate organizations each designed to fulfill specific functions, from protecting significant landmarks to ensuring the secure transfer of classified information.
- The FSO’s primary role is to ensure the safety of Russia’s most critical entities, including the Kremlin and the President.
- Symbols like the FSO’s emblem, which consists of a gold double-headed eagle and shield with a Russian tricolor, highlight its protection mandate and allegiance to the Russian Federation.
- The FSO’s lineage traces back to earlier security organizations like the KGB’s 9th Directorate and the Presidential Security Service, which played crucial roles in ensuring the safety of Soviet leaders.
- Integral parts of the FSO include the Commandant’s Office of the Moscow Kremlin, which oversees the Kremlin’s security, and the Special Communications Service (SCS), responsible for secure transfer of classified data and technological advancements.
- Despite its secretive operations, the FSO collaborates with various intelligence, security, and law enforcement agencies to maintain Russia’s stability and security.