A comprehensive study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine has addressed the debate of using heavy weights with fewer reps versus lighter weights with higher reps in resistance training. By analyzing data from 192 prior studies involving over 5,000 participants, researchers at McMaster University found that all forms of strength training can be effective if done consistently. The best approach varies based on individual goals: for bulking up, lighter weights with more reps are recommended, while for building strength, heavier weights with fewer reps are advised.
- McMaster University researchers analyzed data from 192 previous studies, encompassing over 5,000 participants, to investigate optimal weight training methods.
- The study indicates that consistency is key in strength training, regardless of the weight or reps approach.
- For individuals aiming to bulk up, using lighter weights with a higher number of reps is preferable.
- For those seeking to build overall strength, heavier weights with fewer reps are recommended.
- Study co-authors emphasize the importance of regular routines and note that while many variables exist in training, most are not essential for the majority of individuals.