A new report presented to the House Armed Services Committee emphasizes the urgent need for the U.S. to modernize its nuclear forces and conventional weaponry in response to the emerging tri-polar nuclear world, primarily due to the rapid nuclear advancements of China and Russia. The report, created by the Congressional Commission on the Strategic Posture of the United States, warns that the U.S. is ill-prepared for the challenges posed by these nuclear powers and outlines several recommendations to enhance the country’s strategic posture.
- Rapid Nuclear Advancement by China and Russia: China is unexpectedly increasing its nuclear arsenal at a pace aimed to reach parity with the U.S. and Russia by the mid-2030s, while Russia has completed over 90% of its strategic nuclear modernization.
- Urgency in U.S. Nuclear Modernization: The report stresses that the U.S. has no margin left for delays in modernizing its nuclear arsenal and suggests that current plans may not be sufficient to meet the growing threat.
- Need for Enhanced Conventional Forces: Along with nuclear modernization, the report recommends bolstering conventional weapons, like precision fires, to maintain deterrence against simultaneous threats from Russia and China.
- Investment in Non-Nuclear Capabilities and Alliances: The commission emphasizes investing in advanced technologies, including AI and quantum computing, and strengthening alliances to enhance U.S. strategic posture.
- Concerns Over Nuclear Deterrence Gaps: Potential delays in nuclear modernization could lead to gaps in the U.S. nuclear deterrent, with the report urging immediate action to avoid this scenario and maintain global confidence in the U.S. defense capabilities.