Historic efforts to reach a peace agreement between Israelis and Palestinians focused on resolving four main issues: territory, security, Jerusalem, and the right to return. The Camp David Summit and the Annapolis Process were two significant attempts that almost succeeded. Both efforts proposed detailed territorial compromises and security arrangements, and although they brought the parties very close to agreement, ultimately, they did not conclude in peace.
- Territory was a major negotiation point; proposals included Israel annexing certain settlement areas while compensating with land swaps, but disagreements on the specifics prevented a final agreement.
- Security concerns were addressed with proposals for a demilitarized Palestinian state and temporary Israeli control over certain areas, but this challenged Palestinian sovereignty aspirations.
- Jerusalem’s status was contentious; various solutions included splitting the city or creating a shared municipality, while ensuring access to religious sites remained a sensitive issue.
- Despite close negotiations, particularly in 2000 and 2009, involving land swaps and security provisions, the deals fell through over details like the exact borders, the division of Jerusalem, and long-term security arrangements.
- The article emphasizes that the parties were on the brink of peace with relatively small differences in terms, highlighting the complexity and the significance of the compromises that were on the table.