The Black Sea is plagued with mines strewn by both sides of Russia’s assault on Ukraine, presenting a grave danger to both people and the reopening of grain transport routes blocked by Moscow’s naval blockade. Removing these items from the water will take some time, experts believe that it will take years.
Sea Mines may be dislodged by storms and carried great distances by ocean currents. Bulgarian authorities cautioned inhabitants living along the shore to be wary of mines, but Romania is detonating mines discovered in its seas. Demining the Black Sea might take years, and any effort to do so would be the most extensive since the Iran-Iraq War of the 1980s, according to experts. Recently, at least two Ukrainian men have been killed in sea mine explosions. In March, a Ukrainian foreign ministry spokesman said 372 Russian naval mines were of the “R-421-75” kind. President Petro Kostenko of Ukraine has acknowledged the existence of a demining plan but noted that it is currently just a sketch.