Globally, about 55 million people live with dementia, with 10 million new cases being identified each year, according to the World Health Organization.
Studies have revealed that the brain experiences structural and functional changes years before cognitive impairment manifests itself. According to other studies, metabolic conditions like diabetes, dyslipidemia (excessively high or low blood lipid levels), and high blood pressure are associated with cognitive decline and dementia. According to a study, people 60 and older who have metabolic risk factors are 11.48 times more likely to get Alzheimer’s than people who don’t.
Investigating the relationship between metabolic risk factors and dementia may help metabolic risk profile-based preventative measures. They discovered a connection between metabolic profiles and neuroimaging traits that point to cognitive deterioration and an elevated risk of dementia.