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The Crossroads of Special Operations

Wednesday, May 25, 2022

MARSOC: The US Marines Have Their Very Own ‘Special Forces’ | War on the Rocks

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MARSOC will develop 280 Marines capable of Special Operations

On February 24, 2006, MARSOC was activated as the Marine Corps’ commitment to U.S. Special Operations Command. Marine Raider Regiment, Marine Raider Support Group, and Marine Raider Training Center make up the organization. MARSOC’s illustrious history dates back to the Second World War and includes the Marine Raiders and Alamo Scouts. In 2002, the Marine Corps established Det One as an experimental unit to explore if the branch needed a specialized special operations unit.

Det One was dispatched to Iraq shortly after the 2003 invasion and immediately gained notoriety there. According to former Marine Major Fred Galvin, Det One has a structure and skills that no other special operations unit possessed. As a consequence of the loss of Marine Infantry Security Platoons in 2004, MARSOC was created. The activation of a third Marine Special Operations Battalion occurred while the Global War on Terror continued. Today, MARSOC has improved and diversified fighting capabilities and a more significant number of assets throughout the spectrum of warfare.

The Marine Corps needs prior service in a regular unit before applying to a special operations unit, as opposed to other branches which have a two-stage process. Evaluation & Selection (E&S) and the Individual Training Program (ITC). The duration of Phase One is three weeks, and applicants are pushed to their physical and mental capabilities—the second round of A&S measures applicants’ teamwork skills.

Those who pass both levels become key skills operator MOS graduates. The Marine Raider Individual Training Course consists of four stages designed to prepare individuals with the required physical, mental, and intellectual characteristics. Survival, Evasion, Resistance, and Escape (SERE) and Tactical Combat Casualty Care (TCCC) are among the fundamental field skills covered in Phase One (TCCC). The third training phase focuses on close-quarters combat, marksmanship, urban warfare, and demolitions. In Phase Four, applicants master the dark arts of irregular warfare via “Derna Bridge,” a realistic exercise.

The Advanced Linguist Training (ALC), the MARSOF Advanced Sniper Course (MASC), and the Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) Operator course are among the special operations courses available to Marine Raiders. New Marine Raiders are assigned to a Raider battalion and integrated into a team’s pre-deployment training. Some of the fittest applicants often fail because they trained in an environment that did not contain physical injuries and psychological obstacles.

Source: https://www.19fortyfive.com/2022/05/marsoc-the-us-marines-have-their-very-own-special-forces/

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