The Pentagon has revised its directive on “Autonomy in Weapon Systems” for the first time in over a decade.
The updated directive reflects the increasing role of artificial intelligence in warfare. The new version clarifies oversight and advisory bodies to ensure ethical research and development. The last directive on AI was published in 2012, but since then AI has become a major part of modern warfare. The Pentagon’s bureaucracy has also evolved, with new offices set up to address AI in defense. The new directive serves as a framework for the military’s future study and development of AI systems, with guidelines to minimize the consequences of failures in autonomous systems. The directive also establishes an Autonomous Weapon Systems Working Group to advise the Pentagon on autonomous technologies.