The US team proposes focused on microalgae, which are prevalent in both freshwater and marine aquatic environments and further down the food chain.
According to recent research, algae might feed the globe and rescue the earth. The protein and vitamin-rich green sludge is the solution to many current problems. It can satisfy dietary requirements while lessening farming’s environmental impact. According to Washington University’s Dr. Charles Greene, the study’s lead author, “agriculture is the foundation of today’s global food production system. Its ability to provide the nutritional needs of the entire planet by 2050 is constrained, though. Marine microalgae can assist close the anticipated nutritional deficit while also enhancing the overall sustainability of the environment and the health of the ocean. It takes 125 square meters of productive land and 148,000 gallons of fresh water to produce one kilogram of necessary amino acids derived from cattle. 1.6 square meters of non-fertile ground and 20 liters of fresh water are all that are needed to raise the comparable microalgae in an open pond. It takes 125 square meters of productive land and 148,000 gallons of fresh water to produce one kilogram of necessary amino acids derived from cattle. They create amino acids, fatty acids, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, polymers, and carbohydrates while being only a few micrometers in size.