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Explained: Why Do Countries Have Marine Mammals In Their Military Operations? | India Times

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Russia uses military dolphins to guard its Black Sea fleet in Crimea.

Russia has stationed trained dolphins near a Black Sea port entrance, presumably to defend a naval facility from potential Ukrainian strikes. The US and the Soviet Union began training marine animals for war purposes during the Cold War. They have traditionally patrolled the area around their deployment and alerted carriers to the presence of explosives or divers. In recent years, Russia seems to have boosted its dependence on Special Forces marine animals. With the assistance of a small group of whales and dolphins, it has expanded its range in the Arctic.

Dolphins use their foreheads to create sonar vibrations that enable them to detect items that humans cannot. Each dolphin is trained to distinguish between different targets, such as humans, moored mines, and bottom mines, using positive reinforcement with food and compassion. Since the Cold War, Russia has used dolphins to locate submarines, flag mines and protect shipping and harbors. Several governments have enlisted such sentient species to conduct underwater army operations for more than fifty years. Combat marine mammals are trained cetaceans or pinnipeds such as bottlenose dolphins, seals, sea otters, or beluga whales.

Marine animals were also used by the US and Soviet soldiers for several objectives. After the Soviet Union collapsed, the Ukrainian navy assumed control of the Soviet army’s dolphin program and shifted it from Sevastopol to Iran. Tichka, a Russian military Beluga whale, escaped twice in 1991 and 1992, reaching the Black Sea and gaining the admiration of the Gerze, Turkey, and population. Russia intended to visualize the dolphin’s biosonar impulses using current technologies. The United States Navy used war dolphins in the First and Second Gulf Wars, and their employment stretches back to the Vietnam War.

Source: https://www.indiatimes.com/explainers/news/why-do-countries-have-marine-mammals-in-their-military-operations-explainer-568660.html


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