The first intellectual pursuits of historians were involved in what is now known as “revisionist history” – producing coexisting, different, and sometimes radically contradictory narratives of distinct themes.
The difference between “the past” and “history” is a cornerstone of historical theory. Humans create history from the past using papers and artifacts that have survived, human memory, and stuff like photos, movies, and sound recordings. In fact, history is made by applying human reasoning and imagination to what has been left behind. People construct “history” from surviving records and artifacts, human memory, and materials such as photos, motion pictures, and audio recordings. Historians’ tales and interpretations of prior eras are distinct from “the past.” History is constructed through the application of human intellect and imagination to what has been left behind.