In the discussions surrounding the withdrawal of American and NATO Forces from Afghanistan, there was plenty mention of Over-the-Horizon (OTH) capabilities that would deter Taliban aggression. OTH is becoming a regular part of military language among official spokespersons and planners. OTH like capabilities were first tested by Americans in the 1999 Yugoslavia War, but the OTH paradigm has evolved over the years as a major part of the Iraq, Afghanistan, and Libyan conflicts. Although emphasizing as few boots on the ground as possible, OTH does not only involve aerial threats. The development of unmanned land vehicles, sea vessels, and satellites broadens the spectrum of capabilities.
The Crossroads of Special Operations