The Taliban’s rapid takeover of Afghanistan has caused many to worry the nation would once again provide safe haven for Islamic extremists. These suspicions may be warranted, given the Taliban’s history of harboring extremist groups. However, Al Qaeda and ISIS both face significant challenges in their attempt to reutilize Afghanistan as a base to build their power. Under Ayman al-Zawahiri’s leadership, al Qaeda has made its allegiance to the Taliban clear. They view the Taliban in Afghanistan as the first legitimate emirate since the fall of the Ottoman Empire. ISIS, conversely, have taken a hardline stance against the Taliban’s minor attempts at cooperation with the international community.