Most closely associated with the Second World War, design for the M1 rifle began in 1919 when John Cantius Garand began experimenting with different models of light machine guns. He would submit a blueprint to the National Bureau of Standards who requested he make a prototype. This model would become the basis for the M1 Garand to be used for years to come. The Garand is fed by an eight-round en-bloc clip that ejects when the last round is fired, which locks the bolt back making reloading easier. Reliable and hardy, the M1 is considered one of the finest American rifles ever made. It served as the basis for what would become the M14.
The Crossroads of Special Operations