The River Tamar, which constitutes one of Europe’s oldest boundaries, is essential to Cornish history and heritage, separating Celtic Kernow (Cornwall) from Anglo-Saxon England by 1,000 years. After the last indigenous Britons were driven over the Tamar by Athelstan, an Anglo-Saxon king, in 936 AD, different aspects have emerged to the east and west. Cornwall’s island-like nature, surrounded by the sea, has influenced the peninsula’s history. Cornwall is nominally a Duchy, although the rest of the UK perceives it as “simply another English county.” It’s a peculiar historical anomaly exploited to support the idea of a Cornish “country” separate from England, with the Cornish language.
The Crossroads of Special Operations