Over the past century, it has been observed how family values have changed. Joshua Coleman, psychologist and author of When Parents Hurt, shared that he has met with parents who seek help healing the distance and pain with their adult children. Estrangement can occur for many reasons yet divorce appears to heighten the risk. Some adult children do not want to get caught in all the family dramas because their parents behaved in ways that were abusive or rejecting. To make matters worse for their children and themselves, some parents are unable to repair or empathize with the damage they caused or continue to inflict.