Rahmatullah Andar was appointed to his National Security Council position by President Ashraf Ghani on Sept. 25. He was once feared as a Taliban commander but has now become an ally. He led one of Afghanistan’s first local uprisings against the Taliban in 2012. Andar lost his father, brother, uncle, and two cousins when they were killed by the Taliban out of revenge, he said. He turned against the Taliban once the militants began closing schools and terrorizing the residents of his district which are violations of Islamic strictures.