Despite being often slammed for budget issues and having projects with infinite timelines, the VA focused on innovative technology this past year. Artificial Intelligence was one of the focused study points, appointing the first ever Director of AI. Working with IBM and DeepMind Health, the VA produced an app designed to help navigate the online resources and published a paper on an AI system designed to forecast kidney disease. 3-D printing is also being utilized in surgery and for prosthetics. A physician in the U.S. also wore 5G-enabled goggles to communicate and work with a medic on the ground in the Middle East while he was working on a patient.