Relations between Sudan and South Sudan have been understandably tense since South Sudan broke off from its northern neighbor in 2011. Conflict in South Sudan erupted almost immediately after independence, and only worsened in late 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his onetime ally, Riek Machar, of attempting a coup.
Since then, South Sudan has alleged, and Sudan has denied again and again, that the government in Khartoum is perpetuating the violence by supplying South Sudanese rebel groups with arms and ammunition.
Now, the London-based research organization Conflict Armament Research claims in a new report that their researchers have obtained proof that Khartoum is lying.
Studying troves of ammunition recovered from rebel forces in South Sudan’s Jonglei state, the group’s researchers found that more than 70 percent of the sample of the opposition’s ammunition was manufactured in Sudan, with the vast majority made in 2014, indicating the deliveries were recent. The cartridges match those airdropped by Khartoum to Séléka rebels who overthrew the government in the Central African Republic in 2013 and to ammunition allegedly provided by Sudan to Yau Yau rebels in South Sudan in 2012.