Flustered over Sudan’s longstanding refusal to extradite its leader for trial on charges of genocide and other crimes in the Darfur conflict, the International Criminal Court on Monday asked the United Nations Security Council to take “necessary measures” to enforce compliance.
The request came three months after the court’s chief prosecutor, Fatou Bensouda, said she was suspending her criminal investigations of Darfur atrocities because they could not make progress without cooperation from Sudan and coercive pressure from the Security Council.
In a statement from its headquarters at The Hague, the court said the charges against President Omar Hassan al-Bashir of Sudan, some of them dating to March 2009, had been repeatedly ignored by the Sudanese authorities.
The statement said the court had “decided to inform the United Nations Security Council to take the necessary measures it deems appropriate.”
Without such action, the statement said, the Council’s decision a decade ago to refer Sudan to the court would “never achieve its ultimate goal, namely, to put an end to impunity.”
Mr. Bashir is the only sitting head of state with genocide charges hanging over him from the court, which was created in part to hold those responsible for atrocities like those committed in Darfur accountable.
Yet the court has no police force of its own to ensure compliance with warrants and must rely on cooperation from other governments.
International jurists have viewed the charges against Mr. Bashir, and the court’s ability to carry out a prosecution, as an important measure of its credibility.