Since 28 October Moscow has tested and exercised all three components of its nuclear arsenal, including the firing of submarine-launched and land-based intercontinental ballistic missiles (SLBMs and ICBMs) as well as extensive long-range strategic bomber sorties.
The Russian Defence Ministry announced on 1 November that it had test fired an RS-12M Topol-M ICBM from its Plesetsk Military Cosmodrome. The silo-based missile successfully hit its target 4,000 miles away on the Kura Test Range on the Far Eastern Kamchatka Peninsula.
The Topol-M is a three-stage, solid-propellant, silo-based, or road-mobile ballistic missile with a range of 10,500 km.
On 29 October the lead boat of Russia’s fleet of Borei-class (Project 955) nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines (SSBNs), Yury Dolgoruky , accomplished the submerged launch of a Bulava SLBM in the Barents Sea in the first combat training launch of the missile.