Conventional wisdom holds that most Americans, wary after more than a decade at war, now favor the United States playing a less significant role on the world stage. But the conventional wisdom may be wrong, if not more complicated, according to a new report from the Chicago Council on Global Affairs.
“While weary of large-scale military interventions, [Americans] support the use of force when critical national interests are threatened and favor a broad array of nonmilitary forms of international engagement,” according to the report, which is titled “Foreign Policy in the Age of Retrenchment.”
The report drew heavily from survey data collected by the group this May. In particular, they found that about 60 percent of Americans favor the United States keeping an “active role in world affairs.”
Military intervention, however, was unpopular in many circumstances.
Only 30 percent of survey respondents favored military intervention if Russia invaded Ukraine. Seventeen percent backed sending U.S. troops to Syria. Only a quarter of respondents would support a plan to arm Syrian rebels.
Americans are also not particularly keen on maintaining their current military commitments: Just one third of survey respondents said they would support keep troops in Afghanistan beyond 2014.
Some use-of-force scenarios were popular with the public, however. Sixty-nine percent supported intervention to prevent Iran from obtaining a nuclear weapon — though a greater majority backed diplomatic efforts to stop the regime from getting the bomb. Other strong majorities also supported air strikes and assassinations against terrorist leaders — and the use of ground troops to prevent genocide.
Republicans — once known as a party that almost uniformly advocated muscular foreign policy — are now more likely than Democrats to be fearful of intervention. Forty percent of Republicans say the U.S. should “stay out” of world affairs; only 35 percent of Democrats say the same thing.